Aug 15 – 19, 2022
Niels Bohr Institute
Europe/Copenhagen timezone

Niels Bohr Institute
Auditorium A
Blegdamsvej 17 Copenhagen
Clusters of galaxies are the largest equilibrated structures in the Universe. Despite the enormous energy input from supermassive black holes, they retain their gaseous matter and behave essentially as "closed boxes".  Clusters are therefore good astrophysical "laboratories" at the crossroads of astrophysics and cosmology.
Our understanding of the physics of the ICM remains incomplete, particularly the physics of the core where cooling, heating and transport processes strongly interact.  There is rich phenomenology that remains poorly understood:  the statistics of cool cores, the presence of radio relic sources, radio mini-halos in cool core clusters, the distribution of metals, and Halpha filaments in clusters.  Non-thermal pressure support due to magnetic fields, turbulence, and cosmic rays is also an open question.
The theoretical studies of the physics of the ICM progressed beyond ideal hydrodynamics. The bestiary of ICM-related plasma instabilities includes magnetothermal instability, heat flux buoyancy instability, gyrothermal, firehose and cosmic-ray driven instabilities. The "microphysical" plasma processes and magnetic fields are known to control the mixing of AGN bubbles with the ICM and the ICM heating and can now be studied using modern MHD codes.
The objective of the workshop is to bring together a number of theoretical/computational astrophysicists, experts in plasma physics and a select number of observers to exchange expertise via informal discussions and talks, and to facilitate collaborations among the participants, who share closely related interests in the physics of the ICM and AGN feedback. Topics to be considered at the workshop include:
  • Cold fronts and turbulence in the ICM
  • Role of AGN (bubbles, jets), thermal conduction and viscosity in ICM heating
  • Role of plasma instabilities
  • Coupling between AGN mechanical energy of the ICM thermal energy
  • Connection between AGN feedback and local star formation
  • Evolution and amplification of magnetic fields in the ICM
  • Powering H-alpha filaments
  • Numerical methods for modeling cluster plasma
  • Non-thermal pressure, cosmic rays/non-thermal particles, and radio halos


  • Thomas Berlok (AIP Potsdam, DE)
  • August Evrard (University of Michigan, USA)
  • Tom Jones (University of Minnesota, USA)
  • Martin Pessah (Niels Bohr Institute, DK)
  • Christoph Pfrommer (AIP Potsdam, DE)
  • Mateusz Ruszkowski (University of Michigan & MPA, USA/DE)
  • Norbert Werner (Masaryk University, CZ)


  • Michelle Westergaard <>

This program is supported by

We gratefully acknowledge the support of the Niels Bohr Foundation.